Women’s repressions pursued both economic and political goals during World War II. On the one hand, the significant reduction in the male labor force, on the other hand, the widespread suspicion of its own citizens, and especially foreigners, led to the second major wave of repressions towards women.
The study carried out in the framework of this article allows highlighting some patterns of purges on the entire territory of the USSR and a few features of the repressions in the Armenian SSR. The dynamics of women’s repressions have increased compared to previous years in all observed regions between 1941 and 1945. However, as opposed to other regions, the number of purged women in Soviet Armenia was greater than that of the 1930s.
Along with a relatively higher rate of women’s repressions in Soviet Armenia during
the war, the rate of their release was much higher than the one in Tambov region. Also, unlike men, women were released more often. This circumstance could be conditioned both by physical features, such as old age, the existence of an infant and by some cultural features (the patriarchal approach of not considering a woman as a subject) and serving the state in good faith (in case of having a family member who received a medal in war).
Table of contents
Quantitative Analysis of women's repressions in WWII 7
Family members of the traitors to the motherland (CHSIRS) 13
Women, making Anti-Soviet or pro-fascist agitation and spreading false news 16
The members of illegal Youth Organizations 20
Women, hiding/not denouncing Deserters/ Bandits 21
Reasons for releases 23